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  • Writer's pictureMuhibul Talukdar

The Rise of BRICS and what it means to the Western World


The term "BRICS" is an acronym for Brazil, Russia, India, China, and South Africa - five of the fastest-growing emerging economies in the world. The term was first coined in 2001 by Jim O'Neill, a former Goldman Sachs economist, to describe these five countries' significant potential for economic growth and development.



The rise of the BRICS has been a game-changer in the global economy, challenging the hegemony of the traditional Western


powers. Over the past decade, these countries have achieved impressive economic growth rates, driven by their large and growing populations, abundant natural resources, and investments in education, innovation, and infrastructure.


China, the most populous country in the world, has emerged as an economic powerhouse, with a GDP that now rivals that of the United States. India, with its young and educated workforce, has also experienced rapid growth and is on track to become the world's most populous country by 2027. Russia, despite its geopolitical challenges, is still one of the world's largest producers of oil and natural gas. Brazil, with its vast agricultural and mining resources, has become a major exporter of commodities. Finally, South Africa, with its rich mineral resources, is an important player in the African continent's economic growth story.


The rise of the BRICS has significant implications for the Western world. For decades, the United States and Europe have dominated the global economy and set the rules for international trade and finance. However, the growth of the BRICS has challenged this dominance, forcing the Western world to recognize that the economic balance of power is shifting.


One of the most significant implications of the BRICS' rise is that these countries are creating alternative economic and financial institutions that challenge the traditional Western-led institutions. For example, the BRICS countries have created the New Development Bank, which provides funding for infrastructure projects in developing countries. They have also established the Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank, which has attracted significant investment from European countries, despite objections from the United States.


The rise of the BRICS has also led to increased competition in global markets, particularly in manufacturing, technology, a


nd services. For example, Chinese companies like Huawei and Xiaomi are now major players in the global smartphone market, while Indian IT firms like Infosys and TCS are leading players in software and services.


In conclusion, the rise of the BRICS has been a game-changer in the global economy, challenging the traditional dominance of the Western world. These countries are creating alternative economic and financial institutions, challenging the traditional Western-led institutions. The rise of the BRICS has also led to increased competition in global markets, particularly in manufacturing, technology, and services. As the BRICS continue to grow and develop, they will undoubtedly shape the future of the global economy, and the Western world must adapt to this new reality.




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